The Toyota Corolla is a line of subcompact and compact cars manufactured by Toyota. Introduced in 1966, the Corolla was the best selling car worldwide by 1947 and has been one of the best selling cars in the world since then. In 1997, Toyota became the best selling nameplate in the world, surpassing the Volkswagen Beetle. Toyota reached a milestone of 44 million corollas sold over twelve generations in 2016. The series has undergone several major redesigns.
|Also Called||Toyota Sprinter (Japan, 1968-2000) Toyota Allex (Japan, 2001-2006) Toyota Auris (Japan and Europe, 2006-2018; Taiwan, 2018-present) Toyota Levin (China 2014-present) Toyota Conquest/ Tazz/Carri (South Africa, 1988-2006) Daihatsu Charmant (1974-1987) Holden Nova (Australia, 1989-1996)|
|Production||November 1966- present|
|Class||Subcompact car (1966-1991) Compact Car (1991-present)|
The name Corolla is part of Toyota’s naming tradition of using names derived from Toyota Crown for sedans, with “corolla” Latin for “small crown”. The Corolla has always been exclusive in Japan to Toyota Corolla Store locations, and manufactured in Japan with a twin, called the Toyota Sprinter until 2000. From 2006 to 2018 in Taiwan, the hatchback companion has been called the Toyota Auris.
Early models were mostly rear-wheel drive, while later models have been front-wheel drive. Four-wheel drive versions have also been produced. The Corollas’s traditional competitors have been the Nissan Sunny, introduced the same as the Corolla in Japan and the later Honda Civic and Mitsubishi Lancer. The Corolla’s chassis designation code is “E”, as described in Toyota’s chassis and engine codes.
Corollas are manufactured in Japan at the original Toyota Takaoka location built-in 1966. Various production facilities have been built in Brazil, Canada, China, India, Pakistan, South Africa, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Turkey, and Venezuela. Production has previously been carried out in Australia, New Zealand, Philippines, and the United Kingdom. Production in the United States ended in March 2010. Production resumed the following year after the Toyota Motor Manufacturing Mississippi plant was opened in November 2011 in Blue Springs, Mississippi.
In Japan, the Corolla has always been exclusive to the Japanese retail sales chain called Toyota Corolla Store, which was previously established in 1961, known as Toyota Public Store, selling the Toyota Publica. A badge-engineered version called the Sprinter was introduced around the same time as the Corolla in Japan and sold through a different Toyota Japan dealership sales channel known since 1966 as Toyota Auto Store.
There have been several models over the years, including the Corolla Ceres hardtop, Corolla Levin and Sprinter Trueno sports coupes and hatchbacks, and the Corolla FX hatchback, which became the Corolla RunX, while the Sprinter became the Allex, with the introduction of the ZZE128 Corolla. The RunX and Allex were replaced by the Auris in 2006. A luxury version of the Auris installed with V6 engines was briefly sold at the Japanese Toyota dealerships Toyota Store and Toyopet Store locations as the Blade, which was discontinued in 2012.
A compact MPV named the Corolla Verso has also been released in European Markets. Its Japanese counterpart is the Corolla Spacio, which has been discontinued as of the 10Th generation. The Corolla Rumion is also sold in the US market as the Scion xB.
The Corolla Matrix, better known just as the Matrix, shares the E120 and E140 platforms, shares the E120 and E140 platforms and is considered the hatchback/ sport wagon counterpart of the North American Corolla sedan, as the European/ Australasian Corolla hatchback is not sold there. Toyota frequently combines the sales figures of the Corolla sedan and Matrix. The Pontiac Vibe, which is the General Motors badged version of the Matrix, shares the Corolla platform. The Pontiac Vibe was exported from Fremont, California, to the Japanese market where it was sold as the Toyota Voltz.
Over many years, there have been rebadged versions of the Corolla, sold by General Motors, including the Holden Nova in Australia during the early 1990s, and the Sprinter-based Chevrolet Nova, Chevrolet Prizm, and Geo Prizm (in the United States). The Corolla liftback (TE72) of Toyota Australia was badged as simply the T-18. The five-door liftback was sold with the Corolla Seca name in Australia and the nameplate survived on successive five-door models.
The Daihatsu Charmant was produced from the E30 to the E70 series. The Tercel was a front-wheel-drive car, first introduced in 1980 at Japanese Toyota dealerships called Toyota Corolla Store, and was called the Corolla Tercel then, and later given its own name in 1984. The Tercel platform was also used for the Corolla II hatchback in Japan.
There are twelve generations in the Toyota Corolla versions: First Generation (E10; 1966), Second Generation (E20; 1970), Third Generation (E30, E40, E50, E60; 1974),Fourth Generation (E70; 1979), Fifth Generation (E80; 1983-1990), Sixth Generation (E90; 1987), Seventh Generation (E100; 1991), Eighth Generation (E110; 1995), Ninth Generation (E120, E130; 2000), Tenth Generation (E140, E150; 2006), Eleventh generation (E160, E170; 2012), Twelfth Generation (E210; 2018).