It is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces. President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Navy. And the Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star admiral, commands the navy.
The Indian Navy traces back its origin to the East India Company’s Marine which was founded in 1612 to protect British merchant shipping in the region. In 1973, the British East India Company established its rule over the eastern part of the Indian Subcontinent. When India became a republic in 1950, the Royal Indian Navy as it had been named since 1934 was renamed to the Indian Navy.
The primary objective of the navy is to safeguard the nation’s maritime borders, and in conjunction with other Armed Forces of the union. Through joint exercises, goodwill visits and humanitarian missions, including disaster relief. Indian Navy promotes bilateral relations between nations.
As of June 2019, it has 67,252 personnel in service and has a fleet of 137 warships and 235 aircraft.
Future of the Indian Navy:
By the end of the 14th plan, the Indian Navy expects to have over 150 ships and close to 500 aircraft. In addition to the existing mission of securing both sea flanks in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
They are in a process of constructing a new naval base, INS Varsha, at Rambilli for its Arihant Class submarines.
They are planning to procure 22 General Atomics Sea Guardian drones at an estimated cost of $2 Billion. This is the first instance of General Atomics drones being sold to a non- NATO military.
Indian Navy Ensign:
The Indian Navy from 1950 to 2001 used a modified version of the British White Ensign. In 2001, this flag was replaced with a white ensign bearing the Indian Navy crest. However, complaints arose that the new ensign was indistinguishable as the blue of the naval crest easily merged with the sky and the ocean. Hence in 2004, the ensign was changed back to the St. George’s cross design, with the addition of the emblem of India in the intersection of the cross. Again in 2014, the naval crest was further modified to include the Devanagari script which means ‘Truth Alone Triumphs’.
The Indian Navy operates three operational commands. Each command is headed by a Flag Officer Commanding in chief of the rank of vice admiral. The Eastern and Western commands each have a Fleet commanded by a rear admiral, and each also has Commodore commanding submarines. The Southern Naval Command is home to the Flag Officer Sea Training.
While the President of India serves as the supreme commander of the Indian Armed Forces. The organizational structure of the Navy is headed by the Chief Of Naval Staff, who holds the rank of admiral. The Director-General Medical Services (Navy) is a Surgeon Vice Admiral, heads the medical services of the Indian Navy.
Additionally, the Andaman and the Nicobar Command is a unified Indian Navy, Indian Army, Indian Air Force, based at the capital, Port Blair. Commander in chief Andaman and Nicobar receives staff support from and reports directly to the Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee in New Delhi. The command was set up in the Andaman and Nicobar Island in 2001.
Navy has a specialized training command which is responsible for the organization, conduct and overseeing of all basic. The commander in chief of Southern command also serves as the commander in chief of Training Command. The training year of the Navy is defined from 1 July to the 30th of June the following year.
India uses the Midshipman rank in its navy, and all future officers carry the rank upon entering the Indian Naval Academy. They are commissioned Sub- lieutenants upon finishing their course of study.
While the provision for the rank of Admiral of the Fleet exists, it is primarily intended for major wartime use and honor. No officers of the Navy have yet conferred this rank.
The highest-ranked naval officer in the organization structure is the Chief of Naval Staff, who holds the rank of the Admiral.
In this, the sailors are initially listed as, Seaman 2nd class. As they grow through the ranks they attain the highest rank of enlisted personnel, Master chief petty officers 1st class. Sailors who possess leadership qualities and fulfill requisite conditions in terms of education, age, etc. They may be commissioned through Commission Worthy and Special duties scheme.
If you are an aspirant of the Indian Navy, you can click on this link, www.joinindiannavy.gov.in to get the latest updates regarding the Indian Navy and to fill up the forms for the upcoming Indian Navy.
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