The Jewel of India- Manipur

The Jewel of India- Manipur

Manipur is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. It is bonded by the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south , and Assam to the west; Myanmar (Sagaing region and chin State) lies to its east. The state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometers (8,621 sq mi)and has a population of almost 3 million, including the Metei, who are the majority group in the state, the Pangals or the Pangans (Maniuri Muslims), Naga tribes, kuki/Zo tribes and other communities, who speak a variety of Sino-Tibetan languages. Manipur has been at the crossroads of Asian economic and cultural exchange for more than 2,500 years. Manipur- The Jewel of India

 It has long connected the Indian subcontinent and Cultural exchange for more than 2,500 years. It has long connected the Indian subcontinent and cultural exchange for more than 2,500 years. It has long connected the Indian subcontinent and central Asia to Southeast Asia, China (or East Asia), Siberia (Russia), Micronesia and Polynesia, enabling migration of people, cultures, and religions.

Country                                                         INDIA           

Formation                                                    21 January 1972

Capital                                                           Imphal

Districts                                                        16

Government

  • Governor                              Najma Heptulla
  • Chief Minister                                 N. Biren Singh (BJP)
  • Legislature                           Unicameral (60 seats)
  • Parliamentary constituency        Rajya Sabha1 Lok Sabha 2
  • High Court                            Manipur High Court

Area

  • Total                                       22,327 km2 (8,621 sq mi)

Area rank                                               23rd

Population (2011)

  • Total                                       2,855,794
  • Rank                                       23rd
  • Density                                              130/km (/sq mi)

Time zone                                               UTC+: (IST)

ISO 3166 code                          IN-MN

HDI                                                           0.695 medium

HDI rank                                     15th (2017)

Literacy                                       79.85% (16th)

Official languages                                Meitei (Manipuri)

Website                                      www.manipur.gov.in

 It elevated from the status of Union- Territories by the North-Eastern Areas (reorganization) Act 1971

                                                       Symbols

Emblem                                       Kangla Sha

Language                                                Meitei

Mammal                                                 Sangai (Rucervus eldii eldii)

Bird                                              Nongin (Symaticus humiae)

Tree                                              Uningthou (Phoebe hainesiana)

During the days of the British Indian Empire, the Kingdom of Manipur was one of the princely states. Between 1917 and 1939, some people of Manipur pressed the princely rules for democracy. By the late 1930s, the princely state of Manipur negotiated with the British administration its preference to continue to be part of the Indian Empire, rather than part of Burma, which was being sepearated from India. These negotiations were cut short with the outbreak of World War II in 1939. On 11 August 1974, Maharaja Budhachandra  signed an Instrument of Accession , joining India Later, on 21 September 1949, he signed a  Merger Agreement, merging the kingdom into India, which led  to its becoming a Part C State. This merger was later disputed by groups in Manipur, as having been completed without consensus and under duress. The dispute and differing visions for the future has resulted in a 50-year insurgency in the state for independence from India, as well as in repeated episodes of violence among ethnic groups in the state. From 2009  through 2018, the conflict was responsible for the violent deaths of over 1000 people.

Manipur was primarily an agrarian economy, with  significant hydroelectric power generation  potential. It is connected to other areas by daily flights through Imphal airport, the second largest in northeastern India. Manipur is home to many sports and the origin of Manipuri dance, and is credited with introducing polo to Europeans.

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