Mapping the history of Kalapani dispute between India and Nepal
The issue in itself goes back to the early 19th century when the British ruled India and Nepal was a conglomeration of small kingdoms under the reign of King Prithvi Narayan Shah. Kalapani dispute
As Nepal unveiled a new map of this week, the country’s land management minister Padma Aryal called it ‘historically pleasant’ occasion. However, the move drew sharp criticism from India which said the Map includes parts of India territory. “This unilateral action is not based on historical facts and evidence,’ said the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA).
This Battle over the historical accuracy of a geographical territory is one that has been brewing between the two neighboring countries for the past several decades now. The bone of contention is the Kalapani- Limpiadhura- Lipulekh trijunction between Nepal-India and China (Tibet). Located on the banks of the river Kali at an altitude of 3600m, the Kalapani territory lies at the eastern border of Uttarakhand in Indian and Nepal’s Sudurpashchim Pradesh in the west.
India claims the area is part of Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh district, while Nepal believes it to be part of its Dharchula district. Matters came to a boil earlier this year, when India opened an 80- KM road linking Uttarakhand with Lipulekh, across the disputed piece of land.
While the territory is of strategic importance of India and Nepal, the issue is complicated by the contest over the historicity of cartographic evidence that both sides claim to be most accurate. The issue in itself goes back to the early 19th century, when the British ruled India and Nepal was a conglomeration of small Kingdoms under the reign of King Prithvi Narayan shah.
The British-Nepalese relations
Historian John Whelpton in his exhaustive work, ‘The history of Nepal’. Writes: “the single image most strongly associated with the history of modern Nepal is surely that of Prithivi Narayan Shah of Gorkha, grided for battle, a look of determination in his eyes and his right hand pointed skywards.” Shah is believed to be the Gorkha under whose rule in the late 18th Century, Nepal was unified, its domains stretching out as far as Sikkim in the East and the Garhwal and Kumaon region of Uttarakhand in the West. Kalapani dispute
By the second decade of the 18th century, the English East India Company (EIC) too had acquired a formidable presence in the subcontinent, and had strengthened its main bases in Madras, and Calcutta
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Source : Indiatv.in