The History of Legends- The Royal Enfield
The title “Royal Enfield” does not need any introduction. The synonym of thundering roar and thrilling riding experience, this legendary ride is holding its place for close to 60 years in the country. For its owners, it is more than a means of transportation instead it’s a lifelong romance. Royal Enfield is amongst the oldest motorcycles in the world, which are still in production.
It was the year 1851 when a man called “George Townsend” ended his needle making mill and named it ‘Girvy Works. Later his son George Jr.& his brother brought one of the first ‘boneshakers’- a crude cycle to the Garvy Works. In 1880, they entered into the bicycle parts trade and then slowly moved onto produce bicycle by themselves. Over the next few years, they developed their own range of machines. Each of their bicycles was known for its sturdy frame, which all Enfield bikes followed later on.
The Inception of Royal Enfield
During the year 1890, Townsend came into financial trouble, hence he has to take help from the financiers of Birmingham. Unfortunately, their partnership did not work and Townsend parted his ways and left the company to them. Therefore, the financiers brought Alber Edie and R.W Smith. In 1891, the firm was re-created and was named ‘The Edie manufacturing company Limited’. Soon after, the Albert Edie got the contract to supply rifle parts to royal army in Enfield, Middlesex and to celebrate that they called their first new design of Bicycle, the ‘ Enfield’.
In the year 1892, a new company was formed to market newly designed bicycles “The Enfield Manufacturing Company” and the following year the word “Royal” was added and the Royal Enfield arena began. It was the year 1899 when the company advertised the first mechanical vehicle. Which was powered by a 1.5 hp motor?
The Royal Enfield Motorbikes
During the early decade of 1900, the company extended its range in quadricycles and tricycles and built the first Royal Enfield car in 1901. After that many upgrades were made in their vehicles. In the year 1909, Royal Enfield surprised the world by showing a small V twin-engine machine at the motorcycle show. It was built on Swiss tradition and ran very well. It was the year 1911 when the company developed a slightly larger model with 2-speed gear.
Updates during the World Wars
During the World War I&II, it was extensively used for carrying machine guns. In 1924, the company launched its first motorbike with a 4 stroke350cc engine. Later in 1928, Royal Enfield became the first company to adopt saddle tanks and center spring girder front forks. The company produces several bikes in the next decade, featuring two-stroke engines to 1140 cc V twin. The first 4 valves, the single-cylinder motorbike was introduced in 1931 followed by their first Bullet n 1932 Within an inclined engine and an exposed valve gear.
The Indian Motorcycle Company
In the year 1955, the Government of India was in search of motorcycles that could be used for patrolling borders by its army. This was the only reason why it came to India. Indian Army Ordered 800 units of 350cc Bullets. Therefore, the Redditch Company partnered with Madras Motors. Later, Madras Motors started producing the bikes independently. Since its introduction to the market. It has never looked back. In 1990Royal Enfield collaborated with Eicher Group and merged with it in 1994.
Royal Enfield is quite popular in India and youth have a special liking towards the brand. Let’s check out the most famous models of Enfield:
1 Bullet 350 UEC: Royal Enfield Bullet 350 UCE is equipped with a 346cc, 4 stroke engine that generates the power of 19.8 bhp at 5250 rpm. It brings out the mileage of 25 kmpl in the city and 30 kmpl on highways.
2. Royal Enfield Electra; It is powered by 346cc, a 4-stroke engine. It comes with telescopic, hydraulic damping 130mm of front suspension and swing arm with gas shock absorbers suspension at the rear
Key Features :
- Engine: 346cc, 4 stroke
- Power: 19.8bhp at 5250 rpm
- Torque: 28 Nm at 4000 rpm
- Transmission: 5 speed
- Mleage:20 kmpl in city and 30 kmpl on highways
- Top Speed:120 kmph
Royal Enfield Classic: The dashing vintage-inspired looks of Classic 350/500 surely creates a pure motorcycling experience. It is powered by 346cc and 499cc 4 stroke engines. It comes with a single saddle seat with spring to offer maximum comfort to the rider.
- Engine: 346cc/499cc, 4- stroke
- Power: 19.8 bhp at 5250 rpm
- 3. Torque: 28 Nm at 4000rpm
- Transmission: 5 Speed
- Mileage: 25 kmpl in city and 30 kmpl on highways
4. Royal Enfield Thunderbird: Available in two, 350cc and 500cc engines. IT is a contemporary Royal Enfield that comes with various safety and comfort features. It is equipped with telescopic, hydraulic damping suspension at the front and swing arm adjustable gas-filled shock absorber suspension at the rear. It also features digital 2 trip meters and alloys.
1. Engine: 346cc and 499cc
2. Power: 19.8bhp at 5250 rpm and 27.2 bhp at 5250 rpm
3. Torque: 28 Nm at 4000 rpm and 41.3 Nm at 4000 rpm
4. Transmission: 5- speed
5. Mileage: 20 kmpl in city and 30 kmpl on highways
6. Top Speed; 130 kmph
5. Royal Enfield Continental GT: It is packed with 535cc, single-cylinder, 4 strokes, air-cooled engine. It offers the traditional feel of Royal Enfield with modern twists. High on power and torque, it is definitely a leap ahead from the Indian Motorcycle makers.
- Engine: 535cc, single-cylinder, 4- stroke, air colled
- Power:29.1 bhp at 5100 rpm
- Torque:44 Nm at 4000 rpm
- Transmission: 5 speed
- Mileage: 20 kmpl in city and 30 Kmpl on highways
- Top Speed: 140 kmph
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