DRDO: DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDE) is an Indian defence laboratory of the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO). It is located in Gwalior, it is primarily involved in the research and development of detection and protection against toxic chemical and biological agents. They organised DRDO under the Life Sciences Directorate of DRDO. The present director of DRDE is Dr. Devendra Kumar Dubey.
Area of Work:
The DRDO is the primary defence laboratory involved in the development of NBC detection and protection systems. It conducts research in the fields of biochemistry, microbiology, biotechnology, virology and toxicology. Also, it conducts safety and toxicological evaluation of hazardous chemicals and materials.
It also develops rapid diagnostic tests for pathogens and investigates preventive measures for the control of diseases. To protect from Chemical Weapons, it conducts research in the area of detection, protection and decontamination of hazardous chemicals.
DRDO offers specialised training at its two premier training institution called Institute of Armament Technology, Pune and Defence Institution of Work Study, Mussoorie. The courses at these institutions have been evolved primarily to meet the needs of DRDO, Department of Defence Production and Supplies and the three Services.
Projects and Products:
As a by-product of its research, the lab also develops civilian applications of biotechnology, especially in human waste disposal, disease control, pest control, etc. And it is common with DRDO laboratories, many of the technologies developed by DRDE are available for civil use and have been transferred to the private sector.
Technologies transferred to the civilian sector include diagnostic kits/systems for Anthrax, Dengue, Plague, Malaria, and other infections. It had also developed insecticides, pest repellents and water quality testing and purification kits. Its major thrust area is a defence against Bio-Terrorism, including chemicals agents like Sarin and biological agents like Botulinum neurotoxin.
Research and Development Activities of DRDO:
Research and Development activities at DRDO cover important demarcated discipline like aeronautics, rockets and missiles, electronics and instrumentation, combat vehicles, engineering, naval systems, armaments, etc. In addition to undertaking research and development activities, DRDO also assists the Services by rendering technical advice regarding the formulation of requirements, evaluation of systems to be acquired, fire and explosive safety and mathematical and statistical analysis of operational problems.
In 1924, the Maharaja of Gwalior established a research laboratory to explore forest products and mineral resources. Again in 1947, the Jiwaji Industrial Research Laboratory was inaugurated by C. Rajagopalachari, the then governor-general of India. However, in 1966, it was taken over by the Ministry of Defence. As its research activities expanded, in 1973, JIRL was made a separate laboratory and renamed as Defence Research & Development Establishment.
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